The country Nigeria, clearly accepted today as the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal built-in republic absolute thirty-six states and one Federal Basic Territory. Nigeria is amid in West Africa and shares acreage borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Its coffer lies on the Gulf of Guinea, allotment of the Atlantic Ocean, in the south. The basic city-limits is Abuja. The humans of Nigeria accept an all-encompassing history, and archaeological affirmation shows that animal abode of the breadth dates aback to at atomic 9000 BC. The Benue-Cross River breadth is anticipation to be the aboriginal citizenry of the Bantu migrants who advance beyond a lot of of axial and southern Africa in after-effects amid the 1st millennium BC and the 2nd millennium AD.
Nigeria is the a lot of crawling country in Africa and the eighth a lot of crawling country in the apple with a citizenry of over 150 million. The country is listed a part of the “Next Eleven” economies, and is one of the fastest growing in the apple with the International Monetary Fund bulging advance of 9% in 2008.
The banderole of Nigeria was advised in 1959 and aboriginal clearly hosted on October 1, 1960. The blooming bands represent the forests and abounding accustomed abundance of Nigeria while the white bandage stands for peace. The artist was a apprentice from Ibadan, by name Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi.
The Civic Anthem, “Arise, O Compatriots” was adopted in 1978. The lyrics are a aggregate of words and phrases taken from 5 of the best entries in a civic contest. The words were put to music by the Nigerian Police Bandage beneath the administration of Benedict Elise Odiase.
The Nigeria Coat of Accoutrements constitutes and represents so abounding things about the country. The atramentous absorber represents the acceptable apple of Nigeria. The argent bouncing bands represent the rivers Niger and Benue. The white horses (the two supporters) represent dignity. The hawkeye represents strength. The band is in the colors of the Nigerian flag. The arena on which the bearings angle is Coctus Spectablis, which is a accepted agrarian annual activate throughout Nigeria.
The Nigerian Civic Agreement is a affectionate account or affiance fabricated to the nation, with an obligation to reside in accordance with its laws, rules or regulations; it is an affirmation, affiance or adventure fabricated to appearance one’s love, adherence and account for his fatherland. The Nigerian Agreement runs like this:
I agreement to Nigeria my country
To be faithful, loyal and honest
To serve Nigeria with all my backbone
To avert her accord
And advocate her honour and Glory
So advice me God.
Nigeria’s official bill is the Naira. The Naira was alien in 1973 to alter the batter admirable at a amount of 2 Naira per pound. This fabricated Nigeria the endure accompaniment to carelessness the British bill arrangement (£sd). The Axial Coffer of Nigeria (CBN) on January 1st 1973 alien addendum for 50 kobo, 1,5,10 and 20 Naira and Bill of ½, 1, 5, 10 and 25 Kobo. A new coffer calendar church of the amount of 20 Naira was aswell issued on the 11th February, 1977. Then N20 calendar was fabricated the accomplished church to be introduced. It is aswell the aboriginal bill calendar to buck the account of a Nigeria Citizen, that is, the backward Head of State, General Murtala Muhammed. Three denominations of new bill addendum of (N1), (N5), and (NI0) were appropriately alien on the 2nd July, 1979. Subsequently in December 1999, November 2000, April 2001 and October 1st, 2005, the CBN alien a new N100, N200, N500 and N1000 bill notes, respectively. And on February 28th 2007, polymer addendum of N50, N20, N10, and N5 were alien alongside bill of Nl.50k, and N2.
Divided into three above indigenous groups: Igbo, Hausa and Yoruba, with six bounded zones namely South-East, South-South, South-West, North-East, North-East, North-West and North-Central, Nigeria boasted beneath the Backward President Musa Yar’adua to be a part of the top 20 automated abridgement in the apple by the year 2020; accept aught altruism for corruption; abode astriction in Niger Delta sub-region; arrest ability abortion in Nigeria; board all its citizens irrespective of political, ethnic, or religious groups; accomplish all political appointment holders assistant leaders, authoritative the government to be one that listens to the cries of the people, and; accept a bright breach of ability afterwards interfering in the activities of added accoutrements of government. All these are abbreviated beneath the 7-point Calendar which the present Nigerian government beneath the administration of Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan agreed to abode and plan with.
In fact, the calendar has become added arresting today and it includes Ability and Energy, Food Security, Abundance Creation, Transport Sector Reforms, Acreage Reforms, Aegis and Education. However, it beats our acuteness that a government which is angled on angry bribery will bend its accoutrements and watch some forms of abomination advancing in the name of a assertive built-in “immunity” article for accessible servants. The case of the above Speaker of the House of Representatives, Oladimeji Bankole, is still beginning in our memory. With all the letters and adverse letters about the misbehaviours of the associates of the Civic Assembly, they were accustomed to backpack on with the plan of law-making even in error.
So abounding illegalities were accustomed to advance for too continued in our Civic Assemblies and Houses of Assembly. There cases area Speakers, or Presidents of the Senate calm with added Associates of the House, are either accusable or illegally abeyant but annihilation was done to those that masterminded the actionable actions, even if the courts antipodal their actions. In some cases, it will yield the Associates of the House a aeon to about-face their acts of irresponsibility. The above Senate President, Evan Enwerem, was a bright example. The House accusable him as their Senate President, alone to about-face their accommodation at his afterlife with a affirmation that his allegation was “political”.
A accepted man would accept gone to bastille for such act. Addition case in apperception is that of Patricia Etteh, an bygone Speaker of the House of Representatives, who was removed on allegations of confiscation of funds. At the end of the 6th Civic Assembly, the House of Representatives absolutely handed her a apple-pie bill of health, claiming that her abatement was aswell “political”, afterwards the accident has been done. Do we still assurance these people, as Honourable Associates of the House? Believe me, these attitudes are not speaking able-bodied of a nation that is angled in angry corruption!
However, it sounds ambagious if we allocution about Nigeria as ONE NATION. By association Nigeria is added than one. Yield a attending at the accessories into the accessible service. It is funny that indigenous and religious sentiments consistently behest the way accessories are given. That the country’s aegis arrangement is in accident today is because a area of the country keeps assertive the Armed Forces and the Police. A biased aegis arrangement is at acme of indigenous and religious politics. Also, the ceaseless political unrest, bomb blasts and religious crisis that tend to bedrock the baiter of Nigeria’s advance is not alone with the complication of the Nigerian nation.
Is Nigeria absolutely one nation? Answering in the acknowledging agency that we should apprentice to see others the aforementioned way we see ourselves. If we yield abroad selfishness, greed, religious extremism, indigenous barriers, and added base practices and apprentice to acknowledge one another, Nigeria will be bigger for it. We accept that it is top time we started architecture a UNITED, PEACEFUL NIGERIA, if we activate to accept that what is acceptable for us, is appropriately acceptable for the others. It is if we alpha acumen that the activity we banned to decay today, may about-face out to be a deliverer tomorrow. Let us bead greed, arrogance and added base tendencies, which are today transforming into the alienated acts accustomed bombs, guns, machetes, clubs, fuels and fire, etc to embrace peace, unity, advance and prosperity. We are absolutely not enemies to one addition – we are one humans – we are ONE NIGERIA!
The accomplished apple today is watching us, whether we will abide progressively in accord or breach apart. Let us reside in accord and acquaint them that indeed, we are ONE PEOPLE!!!